The Bird Kingdom houses over 300 birds in one of the largest indoor aviaries in the world at about 45,000 square feet.
The building previously was home to the Niagara Falls Museum which closed in 1999 due to financial difficulties. The building was reopened in 2003 as the Bird Kingdom after several years of renovations.
Most of the birds come from Australia, South America, and Africa. The Kingdom also contains a variety of mammals, insects, and reptiles.
The Kingdom is separated into 5 distinct sections.
This section of the aviary houses smaller birds, some of them small enough to hold six of them in your hand.
The Small Aviary contains over 50 types of birds, among which are some endangered and rare species.
It overlooks the Niagara Gorge, a well known bird watching spot and bird habitat.
The Reptile Encounter section of the display on the second floor features a large collection of reptiles from all over the world, including lizards, snakes, turtles, spiders, and scorpions.
Some of the reptiles can be touched and held by visitors.
The Nocturnal Zone on the third floor is built to resemble an ancient jungle ruin where many nocturnal animals live.
The exhibit is kept dark during the day and bright during the night to ensure that visitors can see the creatures when they are most active.
There are lots of bats and owls to be seen here.
The main aviary of the Bird Kingdom cost about $16 million to build and has about 45,000 square feet of simulated rainforest to support nearly 400 birds representing 80 species.
The environment here is maintained at a constant 76 degrees.
The 40 foot tall simulated waterfall adds a sense of realism to the environment of this massive aviary.
Java Tea House
The Bird Kingdom has the only authentic Java Tea House in North America. It was hand carved out of solid teak and built without any nails.
In the 19th century, houses like this one were built for the aristocracy.
The intricate carving on the roof was used to signify that the house was that of a nobleman.